Life and works of Miró: 5 things to know

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Joan Miró, the 20th century Catalan artist, left an indelible mark on the art world with his abstract painting and unique style. But how much do we really know about him?
In this article, we will discover five things to know about Joan Miró’s life and works. From his beginnings to his free and spontaneous artistic research, we will discover the curiosities and distinctive traits of this visionary artist.

A journey through Mirò’s life and works that will lead you to discover his extraordinary contribution to modern art.

Life and works of Mirò

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Joan Miró was one of the most important artists of the 20th century, known for his abstract painting and his unique, poetic style. Born in Barcelona in 1893, Miró began his artistic career as a student at the School of Fine Arts in his hometown. However, he soon realised that he wanted to explore new forms of artistic expression beyond traditional boundaries.

In the 1920s, Miró moved to Paris, a vibrant centre for art and culture. Here he came into contact with the artistic movements of the time, such as Surrealism and Dadaism, which profoundly influenced his work. Miró began to experiment with new techniques and artistic approaches, breaking with convention and embracing a freer and more spontaneous vision of art.

His beginnings are characterised by paintings full of colour, fluid lines and organic shapes, reflecting his imagination and connection with nature. Miró loved to paint abstract forms that evoked elements of reality, such as stars, birds and eyes. He used a lively and vibrant palette, creating a sense of energy and vitality in his works.


Joan Mirò’s artistic style is immediately recognisable.
With his abstract and poetic painting, Miró left an indelible mark on modern art. His works are characterised by a combination of organic shapes, vivid colours and flowing lines. He developed a spontaneous and free approach to art, exploring new expressive possibilities.

Miró’s palette is rich in bright tones that create a sense of vitality and joy. He often used abstract symbols and signs to represent elements of reality, such as stars, birds and eyes, offering the viewer a poetic and surreal vision of the world.
His style has influenced many 20th and 21st century artists and his works continue to fascinate audiences around the world.

Fondazione Mirò | biglietti museo


Joan Miró was a visionary artist, known for his vast artistic output ranging from painting to sculpture, from drawing to ceramics. Some of his most famous works are:

  • Women and Birds at Sunrise – A painting from 1946 that is one of the artist’s many tributes to the theme of flight and women. Conserved at the Miró Museum in Barcelona.
  • The Gold of Blue – A 1966 painting in which the influence of Japanese art is particularly evident. Also exhibited at the Miró Foundation in Barcelona.
  • The Marvellous Bird reveals the unknown to a pair of lovers (from the Constellations series) – This work is part of a series called ‘Constellations’ in which the artist engages in a kind of dialogue with the sky. The work is part of the MoMA collection in New York and the technique used by the artist in this case is the Surrealist technique of free flowing images.
  • Blue III – Painting from 1961 that is part of a series of three works all created on the same day and that allow the artist to explore large-format painting in an almost limitless space. The work is part of the Pierre Matisse Gallery collection in New York.

These works represent only a small part of Miró’s vast repertoire, but offer a glimpse into his unique and innovative artistic world.


Joan Miró had a family that influenced her artistic career and was a constant source of inspiration.
He married Pilar Juncosa in 1929 and together they had a daughter named Dolores.
The artist was always reserved about his life, preferring to spend most of his time alone in his studio. However, he was also an affectionate and devoted man and the support and love he received from his wife and daughter encouraged him during difficult times and allowed him to pursue his artistic vision without compromise.

Despite personal challenges and turbulent historical events, such as the Spanish Civil War and World War II, Miró managed to find stability and tranquillity in his family life. His family was a constant in his existence, offering him a safe haven.

img Joan Mirò, Harlequin’s Carnival.


Joan Miró had various interests.
His passion for astronomy, for example, is interesting for understanding his works.
The artist was in fact fascinated by the stars and the cosmos and often included celestial symbols and stars in his works.

Miró also liked to experiment with various materials and techniques, including dripping, which consists of dripping paint directly onto the canvas. Exactly as Jackson Pollock did.
This allowed him to create random and spontaneous effects, enriching his works with a dynamic quality.

We should also not forget that Miró was fond of sculptures and found objects. He often incorporated pieces of wood, metal and found materials into his works, giving them a three-dimensional dimension and a collage-like appearance.

Where do the titles of his works come from?
Miró had a great sense of humour and loved to play with the titles of his works. He often assigned poetic and enigmatic names to his paintings, inviting viewers to interpret them in a personal and free way.


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