The revolutionary works of Marcel Duchamp: a journey through conceptual art

Marcel Duchamp

Are you familiar with the great masterpieces of one of the great masters of the 20th century, the works of Marcel Duchamp? In this article, I will take you on a tour of some of his most revolutionary works, discovering how he transformed ordinary objects into masterpieces of conceptual art.
Through his extraordinary creativity and ability to break traditional patterns, Duchamp left an indelible mark on modern and contemporary art.

The revolutionary works of Marcel Duchamp: a journey through conceptual art

Image source:

Image source:


A work that marked the beginning of the ready-made movement.
Duchamp took a bicycle wheel and mounted it on a stool. This creation was a real challenge to the artistic conventions of the time, as it transformed an everyday object into an abstract work of art.
With the Bicycle Wheel, Duchamp sent out an important message: art does not only have to be a visual representation, but can arise from mundane objects, elevating them to a new aesthetic dimension.


One of Duchamp’s most iconic and controversial works. It consisted of a simple upturned urinal, signed with the pseudonym “R. Mutt.”
This ready-made challenged the conventional idea of art and the definition of what could be considered a work of art. Duchamp’s Fountain provoked outrage and debate, but at the same time opened up new perspectives on the concept of creativity and artistic authority. Duchamp demonstrated that the act of choosing an ordinary object and declaring it a work of art is in itself an artistic act.

Fontana | Duchamp

La Fontana di Marcel Duchamp.

L.H.O.O.Q. (1919)

An ironic and irreverent work in which Duchamp took a reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci’s famous Mona Lisa and drew a moustache and a beard on the figure. The title L.H.O.Q. is a play on words that, pronounced in French, sounds like “Elle a chaud au cul,” i.e. “She has a hot ass.”
This ready-made overturned the traditional idea of the masterpiece, turning it into a parody and questioning the very concept of originality and authority in art.

Gioconda | Duchamp

La Gioconda di Duchamp. Image source:


An example of how Duchamp went beyond the ready-made world.
Here, the artist took an empty perfume bottle and created a label with the name ‘Belle Haleine’ (beautiful breath), followed by the phrase ‘Eau de Voilette’ (veil water).
The work speaks of the essence of conceptual art, in which the choice of words and names plays a fundamental role in the meaning and interpretation of the work itself.



In this work, Duchamp put together a plastic bag containing simply “the air of Paris.” This ready-made is an example of how Duchamp sought to capture abstract and immaterial concepts such as air and make them into objects of art.
As with many of his works, Duchamp wanted to prompt the public to reflect on the very nature of art and the conventions that surround it.

img Duchamp AIR DE PARIS (1919)

Marcel Duchamp was a visionary and art revolutionary whose genius transformed ordinary objects into conceptual works of art of great significance.
Through his works, Duchamp challenged the very idea of art and paved the way for later artists to explore new creative frontiers.
His legacy continues to inspire and challenge modern artists, inviting them to look beyond the surface of things and find art in the challenges and contradictions of life itself.

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