Giorgio de Chirico works and curious facts

De Chirico | dettaglio Muse Inquietanti


Giorgio de Chirico, works and curious facts of an unconventional artist.
Which are the masterpieces you should know and where to see them?
In this post I’ll try to answer these questions with a selection of works representing the highest point of the painting of the artist who was the leading figure of Metaphysical painting.

de Chirico works

Giorgio De Chirico | la torre rossa


The Red Tower (1913) – Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
The theme of the piazza (square) often appears in de Chirico’s work, which represents a timeless space and where enigma seems to be the only certainty.
The deserted and silent landscape seems to foretell that something is happening or offers us the possibility to observe for a long time a place where an event has already happened. Wait and mystery are the great protagonists of works like this, where classical architecture, long shadows and unreal light shroud all the space and leave the observer in complete solitude.

READ ALSO –The Guggenheim Museum in Venice: The Peggy Guggenheim Collection

The Nostalgia of the Infinite (1912 – 1913) – Museum of Modern Art, New York
The element of the tower often appears in de Chirico’s works and in this case it’s the architectural element in the foreground, below which are two small and mysterious figures.
The light source comes from the right side but we don’t know who or what produces it. Only the two figures in the centre of the scene can know what generates a light which is so intense.

de Chirico | The Nostalgia of the Infinite

The Nostalgia of the Infinite (1912 – 1913) – Museum of Modern Art, New York

Portrait of Guillaume Apollinaire (1914) – Museum of Modern and Contemporary art Centre Georges Pompidou
Giorgio de Chirico painted this portrait of his friend Apollinaire in 1914, and it is considered the presage of the wound the poet received in war in 1916. In fact, at the beginning the title of the painting was different and was modified after Apollinaire was wounded on the temple.
Apollinaire is depicted with a marble head wearing sunglasses, recalling the figure of a blind classical statue.

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de Chirico | Portrait of Guillaume Apollinaire

Portrait of Guillaume Apollinaire (1914) – Museum of Modern and Contemporary art Centre Georges Pompidou

Hector and Andromache (1917) – National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome
The mannequin of de Chirico’s works is a symbol of his painting.
It’s a figure recalling the world of tailoring and, in fact, the artist painted sartorial and faceless mannequins in his works, an object reproducing the human being who is emotionless.
De Chirico actually plays with this element, and painted mannequins similar to puppets, which seem to come to life with inquietude for a condition which condemns them to solitude.

de Chirico | Hector and Andromache

Hector and Andromache (1917) –National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome

The Disquieting Muses (1918) – Private Collection
This painting is the symbol of the 20th-century art, and is Giorgio de Chirico’s absolute masterpiece.
It’s the manifesto of Metaphysical painting and which an impossible landscape, depicts a reality suspended between dream and nightmare, in which the observer may find peace or inquietude.
In the background stands the Castello Estense in Ferrara, the city where de Chirico in 1917 met Carlo Carrà, De Pisis and his brother Savinio, with whom the artist would found the Metaphysical art movement.

Giorgio de Chirico | The Disquieting Muses

The Disquieting Muses (1918) – Private Collection

READ ALSO – Centre Pompidou works: what you must see

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